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Sunday, July 31, 2022

First Aid in an Emergency

People have been taking care of medical needs since the dawn of time, and long before the advent of modern medicine. They used what they found in the world around them as their medicine, and that medicine is still here today. 

We have forgotten how to use this medicine, but in times of emergency, those are some of the best medicines to have stored and use. The key is learning to use them before you are in an emergency situation

First Aid everyday and in an emergency

First aid is an everyday tool. Many of us go through our lives not really knowing what things might befall us, and wait until an emergency strikes to seek for remedies or prevention. This is the hard way to face medical problems.

You may not know that 95% of all accidents could have been and can be avoided, and in 50% of those accidents, some simple first aid procedures could have prevented further problems if they had been performed before help arrived.

In an emergency situation, governmental agencies will be overwhelmed with need, as will the hospitals and all medical facilities. Preparing for and learning how to care for some of your own needs is an essential part of emergency preparation. A first aid kit is the first place to start.

The following is a basic list of what should go into everyone’s first aid kit. (in order of importance)

  1. Disposable gloves

  2. 4”x4” gauze sponges

  3. Kerlix or 4” roller bandage

  4. EMT sheers

  5. Duct tape

  6. Metallic (space) shock blanket

  7. Butterfly closure

  8. Triangular bandage

  9. Cold packs

  10. Eye wash

  11. Assorted splints

  12. Special medications for family members

These items, when used as intended, can help prevent further injury. A good first aid course or CERT course is an excellent investment in prepa- ration. If you already have some medical training, or have someone in the family or neighborhood that does, you can have a heftier first aid kit to take care of more involved medical emergencies

Natural Medical Care

There are three main indications for medical care: 

Emergency Care

Acute Care

Chronic Care

For emergency care, the items listed above are very useful, as are medical providers and facilities. If you have a life-threatening emergency, the faster you can find care, the better your chance of preserving a life.

For acute and chronic medical conditions, natural remedies are very useful and a lot of times, superior to what traditional medical care can offer. In times of emergency, they may be all you have. Learn about herbs and oils and other sources of medicine and learn how to use them now and in time of need.

Herbal and Natural Remedy First Aid Kit

  • Activated CharcoalFor acute use in food poisoning, intestinal illness, vomiting, diarrhea, ingestion of toxins, etc.

  • ArnicaTopical cream used for muscle pain or injury, bruises or any type of trauma.

  • Cayenne Powder —Topically, cayenne powder helps stop bleeding rapidly. It is also a useful remedy to take internally during illness as it increases blood flow and speeds recovery.

  • Chamomile Herb — Relaxing in a tub of water, made into a tincture and rubbed on gums or stomachs.

  • Comfrey Herb —An external herb that promotes healing from injuries and broken bones. A poultice made with plantain and comfrey that
    is placed on a wound can greatly reduce the healing time and help prevent and reverse infection.

  • Eucalyptus Herb and Oil— The essential oil can be diluted with coconut oil or olive oil and be applied externally to the feet and chest to help open nasal passageways. Also used as a respiratory steam.

  • Ginger Capsules—Ginger is great for nausea, reflux, stomach trouble and morning sickness.

  • Echinacea Herb–Useful to strengthen the immune system against viruses and bacteria. Not as a first resort, but it is helpful in prolonged illnesses.

  • Peppermint Herb and Essential Oil– Another great digestive herb. Tea for upset stomach or digestive illness. The tincture for headache or digestive troubles. The essential oil applied behind the ears and on the feet helps alleviate headache or nausea.

  • Plantain Weed— It is a natural remedy for poison ivy, cuts, scrapes and bites.

  • Slippery Elm Herb—Helpful for sore or irritated throat or when you lose your voice.

  • Apple Cider Vinegar–Organic Apple Cider Vinegar with “the mother” for digestive troubles, indigestion, food poisoning and more. Taken in a dose of 1 teaspoon per 8 ounces of water every hour, it helps shorten the duration of any type of illness.

  • Vitamin C– Helpful for all illnesses, but especially flu-related illnesses

  • Aloe Vera Plant— burns and blisters.

  • Epsom SaltGood as a bath soak for sore muscles. Dissolved in water, it can also be a good soak to help remove splinters.

  • Hydrogen Peroxide—Prevent ear infection and shorten duration of respiratory illness. At the first sign of ear infection or illness a dropper full of Hydrogen Peroxide can be put in the ear. The person then leaves the peroxide in for 15 minutes or until it stops bubbling and repeats on the other side.

  • Baking Soda—For severe heartburn or urinary tract infections, 1/4 tsp can be taken internally to help alleviate pain quickly. It can also be made into a poultice and used on spider bites.

  • Coconut Oil–From skin salve, to diaper creme, to makeup remover, to antifungal treatment.

  • Superglue– On minor to moderate skin cuts (not puncture wounds) use superglue and butterfly bandages.

  • Strips of sterilized muslin cloth in plastic bags for wrapping wounds.

  • Cut off wool sleeves from old sweaters to cover bandages and hold ice


  • Hot water bottle

  • Enema kit

  • Bulb syringe and NoseFrida for helping with congestion in children

  • Assorted bandages and gauze

  • Homemade ice pack— (just freeze liquid dish soap or rubbing alcohol in a double-bagged- ziplock bag and use it as an ice pack.) 

  • Cut off wool sleeves from old sweaters to cover bandages and hold ice packs

  • Hot water bottle
  • Enema kit
  • Bulb syringe and NoseFrida for helping with congestion in children
  • Assorted bandages and gauze
  • Homemade ice pack— (just freeze liquid dish soap or rubbing alcohol in a double-bagged- ziplock bag and use it as an ice pack.)

Dental Emergencies in a Survival Situation

  • Toothache—The most common dental emergency. This is generally from a badly decayed tooth. For temporary relief you can gently remove any food or other debris in the tooth with a small piece of cotton or instrument. Be careful not to go too deep or you may touch the nerve and cause severe pain. Rinse it vigorously with warm water then apply a piece of cotton that has been soaked in oil of cloves into the decayed area. 
  • If the decay is in an inaccessible place, either take some pain medicine or place oil of clove on the area, or dissolve half an aspirin in 4 oz of water and hold it in the mouth for a few minutes before spitting it out. DO NOT PLACE DIRECTLY ON THE GUMS OR TOOTH OR IT WILL CAUSE A CHEMICAL BURN.

  • Lost filling or hole in tooth– If you can see an area that can be filled in, you can use a temporary filling material to fill it in (see materials listed below). Mix the material with a small spatula or tongue depressor. Put it quickly into the tooth and smooth with a wet Q-tip. Remove excess before it sets up, and have the person bite down before it sets to make sure it isn’t overfilled.
  • Chipped tooth—if you have a small area of tooth that has chipped, if it isn’t sensitive, you can use an emery board or nail file to smooth it. You can also put Sensodyne toothpaste on the broken are if it is sensitive.
  • Avulsed (knocked out) tooth—If the tooth is out of place, put steady, gentle pressure on the tooth to put it back into place. If it is loose, gently bite on a cloth to hold it in place. You will need to splint it with wax and be very careful and avoid when eating.
What to do if a tooth is knocked out
  • When a tooth is completely knocked out (avulsed), if it is re-implanted into the tooth socket within 30 minutes the body will usually accept it and the ligaments will reattach. Over 30 minutes before it is re-implanted and the body treats it like foreign material and slowly dissolves the root over a period of weeks to months.
  • To treat an avulsed tooth, handle the tooth only by the crown, the part that normally shows in the mouth, clean off any dirt or debris by gently rinsing the tooth with sterile saline, disinfected water, or milk.
  • It is important that you do not touch the thin, whitish colored layer of soft tissue covering the root. This is the important layer of periodontal ligament that will allow the tooth to reattach. Replace the tooth into the tooth socket and with gentle, steady pressure push it into place. If a tooth cannot be immediately re-implanted, it should be wrapped in gauze and soaked in a container of sterile saline solution, milk, or the injured person’s saliva until you can get help. 

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